Stocks start 2019 on back foot after weak Chinese data

Participants leave after attending the 2019 trading year opening ceremony near the screen showing the Korea Composite Stock Price Index (KOSPI) at the Korea Exchange in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2019. Asian stock markets have fallen as trading began for 2019 after Chinese factory activity weakened. Benchmarks in Shanghai, Seoul and Hong Kong all declined, while Tokyo was closed. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
Dancers in traditional costumes perform to celebrate after the opening ceremony of the 2019 trading year at the Korea Exchange in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
A huge screen showing the Korea Composite Stock Price Index (KOSPI) is seen at the Korea Exchange in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2019. Asian stock markets have fallen as trading began for 2019 after Chinese factory activity weakened. Benchmarks in Shanghai, Seoul and Hong Kong all declined, while Tokyo was closed. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
A man takes a photo of screens showing the Korea Composite Stock Price Index (KOSPI) at the Korea Exchange in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2019. Asian stock markets have fallen as trading began for 2019 after Chinese factory activity weakened. Benchmarks in Shanghai, Seoul and Hong Kong all declined, while Tokyo was closed. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
Dancers in traditional costumes perform to celebrate after the opening ceremony of the 2019 trading year at the Korea Exchange in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
A huge screen shows the Korea Composite Stock Price Index (KOSPI) during the opening of the 2019 trading year at the Korea Exchange in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)

BEIJING — Stock markets started the new year with a tumble, as disappointing Chinese economic data on Wednesday renewed concerns that a global trade war is weighing on growth.

KEEPING SCORE: In Europe, France's CAC 40 fell 1.6 percent to 4,653 and Germany's DAX retreated 0.2 percent to 10,531. Both had opened with losses in excess of 2 percent and 1 percent, respectively. London's FTSE 100 was down 0.9 percent to 6,667. On Wall Street, futures for the Standard & Poor's 500 and for the Dow Jones Industrial Average were both down 1.4 percent.

ASIA'S DAY: The Shanghai Composite Index fell 1.2 percent to 2,465.29 and Hong Kong's Hang Seng lost 2.8 percent to 25,130.35. Seoul's Kospi gave up 1.5 percent to 2,010.00 and Sydney's S&P-ASX 200 sank 1.2 percent to 5,557.80. India's Sensex shed 1.2 percent to 35,817.25 and Singapore and Taiwan also declined. Tokyo's markets were closed.

CHINESE FACTORIES: A government survey and one by a major business magazine showed Chinese manufacturing weakened in December as global and domestic demand cooled. Forecasters said that could send shockwaves through other economies, particularly in Asia, that supply raw materials and components. Chinese export growth has held up as producers rushed to fill orders before possible new U.S. tariff hikes in Washington's trade battle with Beijing, but forecasters said that effect may be fading.

ANALYST'S COMMENT: The Chinese slowdown "raises a few red flags," said Mizuho Bank's Vishnu Varathan in a report. The slide is "potentially symptomatic of far sharper underlying demand pullback," he said.

US-CHINA TRADE TALKS: Investors are looking ahead to talks this month aimed at settling a U.S.-Chinese tariff battle that threatens to dampen global economic growth. Presidents Donald Trump and Xi Jinping agreed Dec. 1 to a 90-day suspension of further tariff hikes in their fight over Beijing's technology policy but left in place penalties already imposed. No date has been announced but both sides have expressed interest in a settlement. Economists say the 90-day window is likely too small to resolve the full range of issues that bedevil their relations. Mihir Kapadia, CEO of Sun Global Investments, says the uncertainty in financial markets will "continue until further clarity emerges from the U.S. and China talks."

CURRENCY: The dollar declined to 109.16 yen from Monday's 109.67. The euro retreated to $1.1430 from $1.1466.

ENERGY: Benchmark U.S. crude lost 44 cents to $44.97 per barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The contract gained 8 cents on Monday. Brent crude, used to price international oils, slumped 55 cents to $53.25 per barrel in London. It added 59 cents the previous session.

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